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Biggest Dams In India

Tehri Dam

Tehri Dam located on the Bhagirathi River in Uttaranchal now become Uttarakhand. It is the highest dam in India with a height of 261 meters and the eighth tallest dam in the world. It is built close to the town of Garhwal in order to trap the water from the basin of the uppen Ganga at the Bhilanganga and Bhagirathi confluence. The owner of Tehri dam is Tehri Hydro Power Development Corporation (THDC) and the dam was opened in 2006. Tehri Dam withholds a reservoir for irrigation, municipal water supply and the generation of 1,000 MW of hydroelectricity.



Bhakra Nangal Dam 

Bhakra Nangal Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej river in Himachal Pradesh near the Punjab border. It is the largest dam in India with a height of 225 meters and second largest Dam in Asia. The dam Its reservoir is known as the Gobind Sagar Lake and it is the second largest reservoir in India after the Indira Sagar dam.  The dam provides irrigation to 10 million acres (40,000 sq km) of fields in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan. The then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru said, "This dam has been built with the unrelenting toil of man for the benefit of mankind and therefore is worthy of worship. May you call it a Temple or a Gurdwara or a Mosque, it inspires our admiration and reverence". 


Hirakud Dam 

Hirakud dam built across the Mahanadi River in Orissa and it is one of the longest dams in the world about 26 km in length. Sir Howthrone Lewis, then the Governor of Orissa laid the foundation stone of the Hirakud Dam on 15 Mar 1946 and formally inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India on 13 January 1957. There are two observation towers on the dam one is Gandhi Minar and another one is Nehru Minar.


Nagarjuna Sagar Dam 

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam with a height of 124 meters and 1.6 km long with 26 gates which are 13 meter wide and 14 meter tall, built across Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh between 1955 and 1967. The dam was officially inaugurated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, on 10 December 1955 and it is certainly the pride of India considered as the largest man made lake in the world.


Sardar Sarovar Dam
 


Sardar Sarovar Dam is also known as Narmada Dam and is the largest dam to be built, with a height of 138 meters, over the Sacred Narmada River in Gujarat. Drought prone areas of Kutch and Saurashtra will get irrigate more than 18,000 sq km by this project. It is India’s most controversial dam project. "Narmada Bachao Andolan" (Save Narmada Movement) cemented in 1989 and is awarded the Right Livelihood Award in 1991. The movement is carried by social activist Medha Patkar. World renowned author Arundhati Roy wrote the extended essay "The Greater Common Good" in the support and protest of the Narmada Dam Project which was reprinted in her book The Cost of Living.


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