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Naroda Patiya Massacre - Gujrat Riot 2002

The 2002 Gujrat riots came in existence when a Muslim mob attacked a carriage of the Sabarmati Express train and set on fire on Coach No. S-6 near the Godhra town in the morning of 27 February, 2002.

The train was set ablaze and 58 Kar Sevaks died who were returning from Ayodhya at the same place after demolition of Babri Masjid. The news was sparking a wave of reprisal violence and on 28 February, 2002 a large number of Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) people gathered at Naroda Patiya and killed 97 minority community people while 33 others were injured. Bodies of the minority community people were butchered and burned beyond recognition. The gathered VHP people attacked businesses and mosques and raped women and properties of Muslim community were damaged and set on fire.


The Naroda Patiya massacre is the largest single case of mass murder where 97 minority community peoples were killed during 2002 Gujarat riots. Naroda Patiya Massacre case has been probed by Special Investigating Team (SIT) which was appointed by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India and trail started in August 2009 with 62 people being charged by the Special Investigating Team.

Gujrat police arrested 46 people initially and later 24 more people were apprehended after the probe was handed over to the Special Investigating Team (SIT) in 2008. Six persons died before the charges could be framed and trial started, while two others are still absconding and one of the accused died during the trial.

On August 29, 2012 a special designated court in Ahmedabad convicted high profile Maya Kodnani a three time MLA from Naroda and a former Women and Child Development minister in Narendra Modi's government and Babu Bajrangi Rajabhai Patel, Bajrang Dal leader and 30 others and acquited 26 people in the massacre of 97 minority people at Naroda Patiya.

She was the sitting MLA of Naroda when and the massacre took place in 2002. She is also the first MLA and first BJP leader to be convicted in a case related to the 2002 Gujarat riots. More than 300 witnesses from various fields including eye witnesses, police personnal, government officials, doctors and forensic exparts were examined by the court.

Both Maya Kodnani and Babu Bajrangi were found guilty by the special trial court under sections 120 B (criminal conspiracy) and 302 (murder) of the India Penal Code (IPC). The sections under which any accused carry the minimum sentence of life term and the maximum is death.

On August 31, 2012 special judge Jyoutsna Yagnik named Kodnani as "a kingpin of entire riots" and sentenced her to 28 years in prison. 10 years under section 326 of the IPC (voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means) to be followed by 18 years for murder and other charges.

Another convict Babu Bajrangi, former Bajrang Dal leader will have to spend his entire life behind bars, it said and described communal violence as "cancer". Seven other convicts were sentenced for 21 years improsonment and also they will have to first serve 10 years imprisonment under section 326. The remaining 22 convicts were given simple life imprisonment (14 years).

Though 10 years need to come Naroda Patiya Massacre verdict but it proves that no one escapes from LAW. Definitely Law will reach the neck of accused one day. Whoever be the accused? No one escapes.

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