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Ramzan 2014 : The Holly Month of Islam Begins

Muslim peoples start fasting as Ramzan, the ninth month of lunar Islamic calendar begins. Ramadan is also called the month of fasting. This month is called Ramadan in Arabic, Ramzan in Urdu and Ramazan in Persian. Muslims believe that the holly Quran was revealed by Jibraeel Alaihis Salam to prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam in this month.

The word Ramadan came from the Arabic root "ramida" which means scorching heat or dryness. Fasting in Ramadan lasts 29 or 30 days depending upon the visual sightings of the crescent moon according to numerous biographical accounts compiled in hadiths.


Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam told his followers that the gates of Jannat (Heaven) would be opens all the month and the gates of Jahannam (hell) would be closed all the month. In this month Muslims refrain from dawn until sunset from eating, drinking and sexual relations. During whole the month Muslims are encouraged to read the entire Quran and every night performs recitation of the entire Quran in the mosques by means of special prayers called Tarawih.


In this month Muslims pay Zakat and Sadaqa. Paying Zakat and Sadaqa is mandatory in Islam. The night of 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th of Ramadan is considered as Laylat al-Qadr (the night of decree or measures). This night is considered as the most holly night of the year.
After fasting 29 or 30 days Muslims celebrates Eid ul Fitr. Eid ul Fitr is marked as the end of Ramadan and the beginning of the next lunar month Shawwal. Muslims offer Eid namaz (prayer) in Eidgah (a field where Eid ul Fitr namaz is performed) and congrats each other and able to eat, drink and resume intimacy with spouse.

Sheri Niyat

Nawaituan Asuma Gadam Minsaheri Ramzanal Mubaraki Fardallaka Ya Allahu Fatakabbal Minni Inna Ka Antaz Samiul Alim.

Iftar Niyat

Allahumma Laka Sumtu Wabika Amantu Wa Alaika Tawakkaltu Wa Ala Rizika aftartu.

The duration of fasting in the Ramadan is exceeds 15 hours. The duration of fasting in the year 2013 was close to 15 hours especially in the beginning and gradually reduces to 14 hours 20 minutes at the end of the Ramadan.


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